Breast Augmentation

Breast surgery has become a fairly common procedure that is performed these days. The indications vary from patient to patient and many times they are either performed to treat an underlying illness (such as benign tumors or cancer) or for cosmetic purposes.

While breast augmentation surgery and breast implants tend to be a popular treatment, these days breast reduction surgery has also become a fairly commonly performed procedure.

We shall briefly take a look at breast augmentation surgery, breast implants and breast reduction surgery.

Breast augmentation and breast implants

These topics are being discussed together as they are very closely related. Breast augmentation refers to enhancement of the shape and size of the breast using either fact tissue or artificial breast implants. There are a number of reasons why breast augmentation may be performed and include post mastectomy reconstruction of the breast, correction of any congenital defects (birth defects) of the breast or even just increasing the size of the breasts in order to boost the confidence of the woman.

Breast augmentation surgery

Breast augmentation surgery may be performed as a part of primary breast reconstruction. This means that its indications include injury or trauma to the breast, breast cancer and abnormal breast size due to growth deformity. Other than that, breast reconstruction may also be done as a revision to previous augmentation surgery or just to enhance the overall look and shape of the breasts.

The procedure can be performed through a number of different approaches. In most cases, the surgical incision is made below the level of the breast (infra-mammary) so that any scarring following the surgery will not be visible. Once the incision has been made, space is created to insert any breast implants in order to augment the size of the breast. Other approaches include trans-axillary (through the armpit) and peri-areolar (through an incision made around the nipple).

The video below demonstrates how breast reconstruction is performed.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YuIervaKFRs

Breast enhancement surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. The procedure can take a few hours to perform and requires a period of observation in hospital post operatively. In the text above, we have mentioned that breast implants are placed in a small space that is created after the incision is made. To understand this in a bit more detail, it is worthwhile mentioning that there are different areas within the breast that the breast implants may be placed. Often, the implants are placed between the breast tissue and the underlying chest wall muscle called the pectoralis major muscle (subglandular). Sometimes, the implant is placed under a thin layer of tissue that covers the pectoralis major muscle called fascia (sub fascial). In some occasions, the implant may be placed under the pectoralis major muscle itself (sub pectoral and sub muscular).

The video below demonstrates where exactly the implants are usually placed.

Once the procedure is complete, it can take up to 6 to 8 weeks for full healing of the incision. Pain may occur due to localised inflammation but this can be treated using simple painkillers. Patients are advised to take it easy and not lift anything heavy as this can stress the pectoralis major muscle and can cause problems with the surgical incision. Other risks are relatively rare and can include small amount of bleeding or haematoma formation, rupture of the implants or pain in the breast.

Breast implants

Breast implants are soft devices that are placed under the breast tissue in order to augment its size and shape. There are two main types of breast implants –

1. Saline implants that contain a sterile saline solution

2. Silicone implants that contains thick silicone gel

The video below the most read the difference between saline and silicone breast implants.

As is seen, saline implants contain a runny saline solution which is basically saltwater. In the unlikely event of its rupture, the saline solution gets quickly absorbed by the body and therefore does not cause any untoward reactions. On the other hand, silicone implants contain a more viscous silicone gel and in the event of rupture, retains its shape and does not leak into the surrounding tissues. The common signs that can occur if a breast implant ruptures are a mild amount of pain and possibly alteration in the shape of the breast.

Breast implants have become a lot more advanced than what it used to be many years ago and is regarded as being safe and effective in managing breast augmentation.

Breast reduction surgery

In women who have large breasts, that weight of it can place a fair amount of stress on the lower back. Furthermore, large breasts can sometimes look rather disproportionate to the woman’s body frame. In addition to this, some women may have asymmetrically sized breasts and in such situations, breast reduction surgery may need to be performed to obtain symmetry. It must also be noted that some men also develop breasts (gynaecomastia) and often required breast reduction surgery.

The basic principle of the surgery is simple and straightforward and includes the removal of the breast tissue and accompanying fact from within the breast and reshaping it so that it is smaller and weighs less. Women are advised to stop taking their hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptive pills prior to the surgery. The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia and the skin is cleaned with antiseptic solution. Following this, an incision is made and the breast tissue is exposed. The common site of incision is around the nipple as this will need repositioning following surgery.

Different techniques may be adopted to reduce the breast size and once complete, the nipple is sutured back and the area is cleaned and dressed. Side-effects are a few but are rare and can include scarring at the site of surgery, problems with wound healing such as mild infections that may need antibiotic treatment and sometimes uneven breasts shape and size. In the rare cases, there may be a small amount of bleeding and bruising with haematoma formation and occasionally patients may develop a loss of sensation at the nipple.

The video below demonstrates breast reduction surgery in brief.

Breast surgery is a commonly performed procedure these days. Indications are many and side-effects and risks are a few and rare.

Breast surgery has become a fairly common procedure that is performed these days. The indications vary from patient to patient and many times they are either performed to treat an underlying illness (such as benign tumours or cancer) or for cosmetic purposes. While breast augmentation surgery and breast implants tend to be a popular treatment, these days breast reduction surgery has also become a fairly commonly performed procedure.

In this article, we shall briefly take a look at breast augmentation surgery, breast implants and breast reduction surgery.

Breast augmentation and breast implants

These topics are being discussed together as they are very closely related. Breast augmentation refers to enhancement of the shape and size of the breast using either fact tissue or artificial breast implants. There are a number of reasons why breast augmentation may be performed and include post mastectomy reconstruction of the breast, correction of any congenital defects (birth defects) of the breast or even just increasing the size of the breasts in order to boost the confidence of the woman.

Breast augmentation surgery

Breast augmentation surgery may be performed as a part of primary breast reconstruction. This means that its indications include injury or trauma to the breast, breast cancer and abnormal breast size due to growth deformity. Other than that, breast reconstruction may also be done as a revision to previous augmentation surgery or just to enhance the overall look and shape of the breasts.

The procedure can be performed through a number of different approaches. In most cases, the surgical incision is made below the level of the breast (infra-mammary) so that any scarring following the surgery will not be visible. Once the incision has been made, space is created to insert any breast implants in order to augment the size of the breast. Other approaches include trans-axillary (through the armpit) and peri-areolar (through an incision made around the nipple).

The video below demonstrates how breast reconstruction is performed.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YuIervaKFRs

Breast enhancement surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. The procedure can take a few hours to perform and requires a period of observation in hospital post operatively. In the text above, we have mentioned that breast implants are placed in a small space that is created after the incision is made. To understand this in a bit more detail, it is worthwhile mentioning that there are different areas within the breast that the breast implants may be placed. Often, the implants are placed between the breast tissue and the underlying chest wall muscle called the pectoralis major muscle (subglandular). Sometimes, the implant is placed under a thin layer of tissue that covers the pectoralis major muscle called fascia (sub fascial). In some occasions, the implant may be placed under the pectoralis major muscle itself (sub pectoral and sub muscular).

The video below demonstrates where exactly the implants are usually placed.

Once the procedure is complete, it can take up to 6 to 8 weeks for full healing of the incision. Pain may occur due to localised inflammation but this can be treated using simple painkillers. Patients are advised to take it easy and not lift anything heavy as this can stress the pectoralis major muscle and can cause problems with the surgical incision. Other risks are relatively rare and can include small amount of bleeding or haematoma formation, rupture of the implants or pain in the breast.

Breast implants

Breast implants are soft devices that are placed under the breast tissue in order to augment its size and shape. There are two main types of breast implants –

1. Saline implants that contain a sterile saline solution

2. Silicone implants that contains thick silicone gel

The video below the most read the difference between saline and silicone breast implants.

As is seen, saline implants contain a runny saline solution which is basically saltwater. In the unlikely event of its rupture, the saline solution gets quickly absorbed by the body and therefore does not cause any untoward reactions. On the other hand, silicone implants contain a more viscous silicone gel and in the event of rupture, retains its shape and does not leak into the surrounding tissues. The common signs that can occur if a breast implant ruptures are a mild amount of pain and possibly alteration in the shape of the breast.

Breast implants have become a lot more advanced than what it used to be many years ago and is regarded as being safe and effective in managing breast augmentation.

Breast reduction surgery

In women who have large breasts, that weight of it can place a fair amount of stress on the lower back. Furthermore, large breasts can sometimes look rather disproportionate to the woman’s body frame. In addition to this, some women may have asymmetrically sized breasts and in such situations, breast reduction surgery may need to be performed to obtain symmetry. It must also be noted that some men also develop breasts (gynaecomastia) and often required breast reduction surgery.

The basic principle of the surgery is simple and straightforward and includes the removal of the breast tissue and accompanying fact from within the breast and reshaping it so that it is smaller and weighs less. Women are advised to stop taking their hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptive pills prior to the surgery. The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia and the skin is cleaned with antiseptic solution. Following this, an incision is made and the breast tissue is exposed. The common site of incision is around the nipple as this will need repositioning following surgery.

Different techniques may be adopted to reduce the breast size and once complete, the nipple is sutured back and the area is cleaned and dressed. Side-effects are a few but are rare and can include scarring at the site of surgery, problems with wound healing such as mild infections that may need antibiotic treatment and sometimes uneven breasts shape and size. In the rare cases, there may be a small amount of bleeding and bruising with haematoma formation and occasionally patients may develop a loss of sensation at the nipple.

The video below demonstrates breast reduction surgery in brief.

Breast surgery is a commonly performed procedure these days. Indications are many and side-effects and risks are a few and rare.

Breast Augmentation Recommended Reading